An Ouster sensor atop a Postmates robot.
Enlarge / An Ouster sensor atop a Postmates robotic.


For years, the lidar enterprise has had numerous hype however not numerous arduous numbers. Dozens of lidar startups have touted their spectacular know-how, however till not too long ago it wasn’t clear who, if anybody, was truly gaining traction with prospects.

That is beginning to change. This summer season, three main lidar makers have carried out main fundraising rounds that included releasing public knowledge on their monetary efficiency.

The newest lidar maker to launch monetary knowledge is Ouster, which introduced a $42 million fundraising spherical in a Tuesday blog post. That weblog submit additionally revealed a placing statistic: the corporate says it now has 800 prospects.

That is fascinating as a result of we will evaluate it pretty instantly to 2 different distinguished lidar firms which have launched knowledge in current months. Velodyne, which has been thought-about the business chief for the final decade, revealed in July that it had 300 prospects.

The lidar startup Luminar hasn’t revealed the variety of prospects, nevertheless it disclosed two different figures in August: the corporate has 50 industrial companions and expects to promote 0.1 thousand—aka roughly 100—lidar sensors in calendar 12 months 2020.

By the metric of complete prospects, then, Ouster appears to be nicely forward of two of its better-known rivals. However saying that Ouster has turn out to be the business chief could be too simplistic. In actuality, the three firms are every pursuing completely different segments of the market.

The excessive finish and the low finish

On the excessive finish of the lidar market are highly effective sensors that promote for tens of 1000’s of {dollars} every. Self-driving firms purchase these models for his or her prototype autos. As a result of these firms are well-funded they usually’re solely making just a few prototype autos, they’re keen to pay piles of cash to get probably the most highly effective sensors obtainable. This market has historically been dominated by Velodyne, which has charged as a lot as $75,000 for a single sensor.

On the reverse finish of the spectrum are lidar sensors supposed for mass-market automotive functions. Lidar sensors for this market typically want to remain underneath $1,000 to be viable.

The pioneer right here was a little-known firm referred to as Ibeo, which partnered with auto provider Valeo to offer lidar sensors for the 2018 Audi A8. The sensor was a primitive, with solely 4 vertical “traces” of decision. Nevertheless it was the perfect lidar Audi might afford given the monetary constraints of the buyer automotive enterprise.

That is the market Luminar is gunning for. Luminar’s lidar is rather more highly effective than the sensor in these early Audis, and the corporate believes it might probably get the price under $1,000 at scale. Again in Could, Luminar announced a deal with Volvo to include its lidars into autos starting in 2022. It is the primary deal to place high-performance lidar into client autos. Luminar hopes it is going to be an inspiration for different automakers.

Ouster within the center

Ouster makes spinning lidar that appears so much like Velodyne’s high-end sensors. However inside, Ouster makes use of solid-state chip know-how to pack all of its lasers—16 to 128 of them, relying on the product—on a single chip. Ouster’s sensors are a lot easier than Velodyne’s traditional design, which concerned packaging collectively 16 to 128 particular person lasers and 16 to 128 particular person sensors.

The ensuing mixture of sturdy efficiency and comparatively low-cost has opened new markets for lidar sensors. Ouster’s newest era of 32-laser sensors begin at $6,000. That is means too costly for mass-market automotive use, nevertheless it’s a lot lower than Velodyne charged for comparable sensors earlier than Ouster got here alongside.

Earlier this 12 months, I talked to John Williams, chief know-how officer at Kudan, which sells software program to assist robots observe their very own location (an issue often called SLAM within the robotics world). Williams mentioned loads of firms are constructing customized robots for area of interest functions in mines, warehouses, and different industrial environments.

Lidar sensors have apparent worth for this type of utility. However earlier than Ouster got here alongside, high-quality lidar was just too costly.

“The truth that you may get a 64-channel spinning lidar for $12,000 was unprecedented,” Williams informed me. Whereas Ouster’s lidars had been “not fairly nearly as good as Velodyne” in his opinion, he argued that the corporate was “the up-and-comer by way of disrupting the market.”

So that will clarify Ouster’s 800 prospects: firms transport robots to actual prospects cannot afford to blow tens of 1000’s of {dollars} on a lidar sensor. However in lots of circumstances, their industrial prospects are keen to spend just a few 1000’s {dollars} for merchandise that higher perceive the world round them.

Ouster additionally gives a compelling worth proposition to college researchers. Researchers want excessive efficiency, however they do not have limitless budgets. There are most likely much more analysis labs with makes use of for a lidar sensor than there are self-driving tasks.

This “broad center” market is rising quick. Ouster says its third-quarter gross sales are already greater than 3 times as excessive as they had been within the third quarter of 2019. And Q3 2020 is not over but.

Will markets collide?

A giant query for the following few years shall be whether or not falling costs and bettering efficiency will convey these firms into extra direct competitors.

The corporate with probably the most to lose is Velodyne, which has dominated the marketplace for a decade however now faces rising competitors from low-cost rivals—particularly Ouster. Historical past has shown that it is tough for an organization with a high-performance, high-cost product to deal successfully with a problem from a less expensive disruptive rival. It could show a lot simpler for Ouster to progressively enhance its sensors than for Velodyne to slash its costs sufficient to compete with cheaper rivals.

In discussions with Ars, Ouster CEO Angus Pacala has argued that Ouster will profit from progress within the broader semiconductor business. If all goes nicely, Ouster’s solid-state lasers and sensors will proceed to get cheaper and extra highly effective in a lot the identical means that laptop chips have during the last 50 years.

Velodyne is actually attempting to satisfy the risk right here. For instance, the corporate has a product referred to as the Velarray that is designed to be low-cost sufficient for the automotive market. Whether or not or not Velodyne’s lower-cost merchandise have been gaining traction isn’t clear.

In the meantime, Ouster and Luminar have very completely different go-to-market methods. Luminar has targeted on scoring large, multiyear offers with main automotive prospects. Ouster has eschewed that market, specializing in promoting lidar models just a few at a time to a variety of particular person prospects.

If Luminar is ready to ship on its Volvo contract and rating comparable offers with different carmakers, that might present sufficient quantity to realize unmatched economies of scale. Luminar may then be capable to undersell higher-price rivals like Ouster and turn out to be the general market chief.


Supplying gear to automakers, however, is a notoriously cutthroat, low-margin enterprise. If Luminar cannot join different automakers, it might discover itself yoked to a demanding however not particularly profitable buyer.

Lidar isn’t just a three-horse race, after all. Velodyne is dealing with competitors from Chinese language rivals like Hesai and Robosense. Velodyne sued both companies final 12 months for patent infringement.

Luminar, in the meantime, faces formidable rivals within the automotive market, together with tier 1 auto provider Bosch. And there are a selection of different unbiased lidar firms that might turn out to be vital gamers sooner or later.


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