The Snapdragon 888, sitting on the world's biggest ARM motherboard.
Enlarge / The Snapdragon 888, sitting on the world’s greatest ARM motherboard.

Google and Qualcomm are teaming as much as allow an extended assist window for flagship Android smartphones. Qualcomm, with Google’s assist, will now assist its chipsets for 3 years of main OS updates and 4 years of safety updates, enabling a better-than-Pixel stage for all future Android telephones, supplied your OEM is keen to cooperate. This coverage is beginning with the flagship Snapdragon 888, however even lower-end chips will likely be supported. Qualcomm PR tells us “the plan is to roll this out to all Snapdragon chipsets, together with lower-tier ones, however beginning the brand new Snapdragon 888 platform.”

A part of the problem of Android updates is the continual chain of software program custody that must be maintained, throughout a number of corporations, from the Android repository to your telephone. Google and Qualcomm now say they’re keen to cross the replace baton to OEMs for 3 main updates and 4 years of safety updates, however OEMs will really have to replace their Android skins and ship working builds to every of their gadgets. If they do not, we at the very least know who accountable now.

Qualcomm and Google’s weblog posts each include the identical phrasing, that they are going to “assist 4 Android OS variations and 4 years of safety updates.” Learn that quote carefully and you may spot two totally different items of measurement taking place there, which some folks have misinterpreted. Whereas there are 4 years of safety updates, the 2 corporations are counting the preliminary launch of Android of their quote of “4 Android OS variations,” so it is three years of main Android updates, not 4 years. We double-checked with Qualcomm and acquired again “Qualcomm will assist the launch model + 3 OS upgrades, for a complete of 4 main Android OS variations. Snapdragon 888 will assist Android 11, 12, 13, and 14.”

This is identical replace plan Pixels have gotten and what Samsung has promised, however with another yr of safety updates. Remember, Qualcomm can also be bringing this stage of assist to low-end gadgets, so whereas that is solely a child step for flagship telephones, lower-end telephones may see vastly elevated assist home windows.

Treble hassle

Google’s weblog submit goes into element about the way it has made updating simpler for SoC producers like Qualcomm. Android’s Mission Treble re-architecture cut up the OS in half, separating the OS from the {hardware} with a modular interface. This makes it simple to run the identical construct of Android throughout a number of items of {hardware} (it is known as a Generic System Picture, or GSI). Whereas that makes issues simpler for those who’re an OEM constructing an Android pores and skin, Google was apparently heaping replace necessities on SoC distributors.

SoC distributors are partly chargeable for the “vendor” implementation in Mission Treble—the underside half of OS cut up that comprises the {hardware} assist. Whereas issues above the Mission Treble cut up (the software program) have been assured backward compatibility, the {hardware} assist was not. For every SoC, Qualcomm would wish to take care of a vendor implementation for every software program historical past permutation. Which means one for telephones that launched with Android 10, one other for Android 11, and a 3rd for gadgets that launched with Android 10 and have been upgraded to Android 11.

This technique didn’t scale effectively. At present, Google is vaguely saying modifications to Mission Treble that may let Qualcomm assist new and upgrading gadgets with a single vendor implementation. It is also (once more, vaguely) cooked up some form of scheme to let Qualcomm use the identical vendor implementation throughout a number of SoCs, which can reduce down on its replace work much more.

Quicker updates are slowly taking place

Google can also be taking this time to replace us on the state of the Android replace state of affairs. Android 11 is ever-so-slightly seeing the quickest adoption fee ever and is outpacing the earlier launch (beforehand the quickest ever), at the very least by way of uncooked customers (I doubt the share can be a lot totally different since I doubt the overall variety of energetic Android customers has modified in a yr.) Because of Mission Treble, the Android 10 chart became a depraved hockey stick about 100 days after launch, and we’re not at that stage but with Android 11.

After all, this nonetheless does not carry Android according to what Apple has been doing, which is 5 years of main OS updates and 7 years of safety updates for iPhones. Apple is the SoC vendor, the OS developer, and the machine producers although, so it has fewer logistics to work out, and it does not should cope with preserving revenue margins in every step of the method.

Each Android replace announcement seems like one small step towards making the state of affairs higher, and nothing will likely be a silver bullet except for blowing up the entire system. Nearly each sentence on this article may finish with the caveat of “in case your OEM needs to cooperate,” and for a lot of, that final hyperlink within the replace chain would be the important one. In case your OEM does not wish to play ball, effectively, you understand what to do, proper? Vote along with your pockets!


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